Year 1

Year 1 Curriculum

English

Reading:

Letters and Sounds is used to teach Phonics in Year 1.

Most Year 1 children will begin to learn different ways of spelling phonemes (sounds). A grapheme is a letter or group of letters representing a sound.

 

New grapheme
ay (day) ou (out) ie (tie) ea (east) oy (boy) ir (girl) ue (blue)
wh (when) ph (photo) ew (new) oe (toe) au (Paul) aw (saw)

 

Split digraphs (where the grapheme of the sound is split by another letter)
a-e (make) e-e (these) i-e (like) o-e (home) u-e (rule)
                                 

New Pronunciations for known letters

i (fin, find) o (hot,cold) c (cat, cent) g (go, giant) u (but, put) ow (cow, blow)

ou (out, shoulder, could, you) er (farmer, her) y (yes, by, very)

ie (tie, field) ea (eat, bread) a (hat, what) ch (chin, school, chef)

  • Using their phonics (sounds of the letters), children will be blending sounds in words which aren’t familiar to them. Children will also practise reading a list of ‘tricky’ words: oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked and could.
  • Children may work on reading words with different endings, known as suffixes, such as: –s, -es, -ing, -ed, -est and –er.
  • Pupils might also learn to read words containing contractions (shortened forms) such as: I’m, I’ll and she’d, understanding which letters the apostrophe stands in for e.g I am – I’m, I will – I’ll and she would – she’d.
  • As soon as your child is confident with the Year 1 programme, they will move onto the Year 2 programme.

Reading Comprehension

  • This is all about your child understanding what they are reading, or listening to. In order to help your child become really confident with comprehension, they will be exposed to a range of books they can read and books they will have read to them (above their current reading level).
  • They may be encouraged to make predictions about whether the book is fiction, non-fiction (factual) or poetry, what the book might be about, character’s actions or speech, and the ending.
  • Children will also work on using inference skills to aid their understanding of what they are reading. Inference involves using the clues in the story or picture to make a good guess. It involves figuring something out which isn’t fully explained and draws on a child’s existing knowledge of the world.
  • Your child might also become very familiar with different fairy stories (Cinderella) and traditional tales (The Three Little Pigs), retelling them in their own words and understanding their special features such as characters (good and bad) and story structure (opening, problem, resolution and happy ending).
  • Children will also be encouraged to use vocabulary and structure from various texts they have read in their own writing such as ‘Once upon a time’…, ‘In a land far away’…, …’and they lived happily ever after’.
  • Children might learn rhymes and poems off by heart and also be encouraged to say whether or not they like the text, giving reasons why.

Writing and Spelling

  • Children will learn to spell words such as the common ‘tricky’ words listed above, and the days of the week too.
  • Spelling rules for adding suffixes such as –s and –es may also be introduced to make the plural form of nouns or to aid writing in the third person, e.g He goes, She leaves.
  • In addition to this, children will learn how to add endings to verbs and adjectives such as: –ing, -ed, -er and –est.
  • Children might also learn spellings when adding the prefix un- to the start of a word. (A prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a word which changes the meaning of the word).

Children might work on forming lower case letters in the right direction, starting and finishing in the right place. Children must be able to write capital letters in Year 1 and form digits to 9 correctly.

Writing – Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation

  • Generally, most children in Year 1 will be learning how to use joining words such as ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’ to join two ideas together to extend their sentences.
  • Children will also be reminded to use capital letters for names (including places, days of the week and months of the year), in order to punctuate the beginning of a sentence and when writing about ourselves, using ‘I’.
  • Other punctuation such as full stops, question marks (?) and exclamation marks (!) will be taught when writing in sentences.

Maths

Number – Number and Place Value (Tens and Ones)

  • Most children in Year 1 will be ready to learn how to count to 100 both forwards and backwards from any given number. They might also begin to learn how to read and write numbers to 100 in digits (e.g knowing that 34 is thirty four) and count in steps of 2, 5 and 10.
  • Pupils will learn to say the number that is one more or less than any number to 100 and will become familiar with vocabulary such as: equal to, more than, less than, fewer, least and most, in order to answer questions containing this type of vocabulary, particularly in mental maths activities.
  • Children may also start writing number words to 20 (e.g eight, thirteen etc) and order numbers using vocabulary such as first, second, third etc.

Number – Addition and Subtraction

  • In Year 1, most children are taught to recognise the following symbols: +, – and = and number bonds to 10 and 20 (these are both addition and subtraction number pairs which make 10 and 20, e.g 4 + 6 = 10, 10 – 6 = 4, 14 + 6 = 20 and 20 – 6 = 14). Number bonds are a great way of helping calculate quickly.
  • Your child may work on adding and subtracting one digit and two digit numbers to 20, including as part of solving simple problems. Your child might be given missing number problems to see if they can apply their knowledge of number bonds, e.g 20 – ? = 8 or 3 + ? = 10.
  • They will most likely be exposed to the following vocabulary often found in word problems: total (+), altogether (+), add, take away, difference between (-), distance between (-), less than (-) and more than (+). This will help your child to become familiar with what a word problem is actually asking them to do in order to find out the answer.

Number – Multiplication and Division.

  • Children may use arrays to learn about what multiplication actually is. 
    Most Year 1 children will begin to double small numbers and quantities and look out for number patterns in the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, e.g all multiples of 2 end in an even number, multiples of 5 end in only 5 or 0.
  • To help introduce division, children might practise sharing and grouping small quantities. For example, if trying to solve 15÷3, we could share 15 counters into 3 separate piles and see how many are in each. Alternatively, we could group the 15 counters into piles of 3 and see how many are in each, either method will give the same answer.
  • From here, children will begin to solve simple multiplication and division word problems using objects, pictures and arrays to help them.

 

Number – Fractions

  • In Year 1, your child may learn to spot and name one half of objects or numbers, understanding that this is one of two equal parts. This will be extended to a quarter (one of four equal parts) and from here, children might be solving problems involving finding fractions of amounts of things, e.g what is ½ of 8 sweets?

Measurement

  • Your child may have already been exposed to much of the following vocabulary however this is likely to be revised in Year 1 to ensure children are secure: tall/short, double/half, long/short and longer/shorter in order to compare and describe lengths and heights using centimetre or metre rulers.
  • Similarly, children will need to be familiar with the following vocabulary related to mass (also known as weight): heavy/light, lighter than, heavier than, using weighing scales to make comparisons and capacity (also known as volume): full/empty, half, half full, quarter full, more than, less than, using a variety of different containers.
  • Finally, time – slower, quicker, earlier and later. Once children are familiar with this vocabulary they will begin to learn the standard units of measurements related to each concept and what their abbreviations stand for e.g mm, cm, m, g, kg, ml, l, second, minute and hour.
  • Children should know what the various coins and notes are worth in relation to each other, for example 50p is worth more than a 2p coin however a 2p coins is worth more than a 1p coin because this is double that amount.
  • Children may also practise correctly sequencing events using vocabulary such as yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon, evening, before, after, next, first and today.
  • In addition to this, your child may begin to learn and sequence the days of the week and months of the year.
  • Finally, your child will work on time in order to build their confidence with telling the time to the nearest hour and half hour. They may practise this by drawing hands on clocks.

Geometry – Shape

  • Your child may already be familiar with some shape names by the time they enter Year 1 however, the teacher may check they are secure in their understand that 2D shapes are flat, whereas 3D shapes are not.
  • They may be exposed to all the different 2D and 3D shape names, looking for these in the word around them and labelling them.
  • Your child will need to remember that a shape may be a square however, it may be shown in a different orientation such as sitting on its corner rather than on its side. Another similar learning point would be that a cuboid can be taller or shorter than another.

Geometry – Position and Direction

  • Does your child understand the following vocabulary: right and left, top, middle and bottom, on top, in front, between, above, near, around, close and far, forwards, backwards, up and down, inside and outside. Hopefully by the end of Year 1, this will be secure and children may have also learned how to make a full, half, quarter turn and three-quarter turn in both directions (linking this with the hands of a clock).

Science

Working Scientifically

  • Science is a great way of finding out about the world around us. In lessons, children are encouraged to raise questions about the world around them and from this, take part in a scientific enquiry, learning different ways in which they can answer their initial question. This strand of the Science curriculum is known as ‘working scientifically’ through which all topics are taught.
  • During an investigation, your child may compare living things, materials or objects and group them accordingly. They may also observe how things change over time and look for patterns, making simple measurements to gather and record data. They will have the opportunity to discuss what they found out and answer their initial question.

Everyday Materials

  • In Year 1, your child might work on identifying what different objects are made from including glass, plastic, metal, wood, paper, brick and rock.
  • Children will also learn to describe these materials using the following vocabulary: stretchy/stiff, hard/soft, shiny/dull, bendy/not bendy, rough/smooth, absorbent/not absorbent, and waterproof/not waterproof.
  • Children might practise grouping materials depending on their properties or investigate how some materials can be changed through bending, heating, cooling or twisting. Another fun activity is investigating the best material for items such as a waterproof coat or curtains and they putting the chosen material to the test!

Animals, Including Humans

  • In Year 1, children might learn about animals, including humans. Many children are shocked to find out that we are in fact, animals too!
  • Work may involve naming different animals, grouping them into categories such as birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates depending on their features and learning whether these animals are meat eaters (carnivores), plant eaters (herbivores), or both (omnivores).
  • Children might also investigate the habitat of animals in your local area.
  • Pupils in Year 1 may also learn to point to, draw, name and label different parts of the body and how they link to the different senses. Helpful vocabulary includes: head, arms, neck, legs, knees, elbows, eyes, ears, face, mouth, teeth.

Seasonal Changes

  • Your child might work on naming and identifying the changes which occur in each of the four seasons.
  • In addition to this, children may investigate how the length of the day can vary at different times of the year.

 Other Curriculum Areas:

Your child will participate in Physical Education (PE) twice weekly. They will receive weekly Computing, Religious Education (RE), Personal Social Health Education (PSHE), Art and Design, Music, Design and Technology, History and Geography sessions. These can be delivered discreetly or in a cross-curricular way through topic sessions depending on the current topic.

At Manor Hill we will cover the wider curriculum through ‘Imaginative Learning Projects’. These projects are based on a theme and cover the National Curriculum objectives in a fun and engaging way.